Barnett, Jesse. “COVID-19 Mitigation Efforts Result in the Lowest U.S. Petroleum Consumption in Decades.” U.S. Energy Information Agency, April 23, 2020. 

Bernstein, A. (2020, July 06). Coronavirus and Climate Change. Retrieved September 24, 2020, from

Cho, Renee. “COVID-19’s Long-Term Effects on Climate Change-For Better or Worse.” Earth Institute, Columbia University.

Crist, Meehan. “What the Coronavirus Means for Climate Change.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 27 Mar. 2020,

Gardiner, Beth. “Why COVID-19 Will End up Harming the Environment.” National Geographic, July 2, 2020. 

Fleuti, Jessica, Patti Mitchell, Hindou Oumara Ibrahim, Xiya Bastida, Megha Sood, Katherine Wilkerson. “Climate Justice in the Time of COVID: 5 Lessons From Women and Girls Leading the Fight.” Zoom Webinar, Skoll World Forum, April 7, 2020.

Gardiner, Beth. “Why COVID-19 Will End up Harming the Environment.” National Geographic, July 2, 2020. 

Harvey, Fiona. “China Pledges to Become Carbon Neutral before 2060.” The Guardian. September 22, 2020. Accessed September 23, 2020.

Henriques, Martha. “Will Covid-19 Have a Lasting Impact on the Environment?” BBC Future, BBC, 27 Mar. 2020, 

Keck, Madeleine. “COVID-19 Medical Waste is Heavily Polluting This River in Indonesia.” Global Citizen. Global Poverty Project, September 7, 2020. Accessed September 24, 2020.

 Larissa. “What Impact Will COVID-19 Have on the Environment?” Curious, 15 July 2020,   

Larson, Christina. “Coronavirus Disrupts Global Fight to Save Endangered Species.” AP NEWS. The Associated Press, June 6, 2020.

Muhammad, Sulaman, Long, Xingle, and Salman, Muhammad. “COVID-19 Pandemic and Environmental Pollution: A Blessing in Disguise?” The Science of the Total Environment 728 (2020): 138820. Accessed on September 24, 2020.

Martha Henriques “Has Coronavirus Helped the Environment?” BBC Future. BBC. Accessed September 24, 2020. 

Plumer, Brad, and Nadja Popovich. “Emissions Are Surging Back as Countries and States Reopen.” The New York Times. The New York Times, June 17, 2020. 

Xinhua, P. “Why COVID-19 will end up harming the environment” (2020, July 02). Why COVID-19 will end up harming the environment. Retrieved September 24, 2020, from

Xinhua, Photograph by Yang Shiyao. “Why COVID-19 Will End up Harming the Environment.” National Geographic, Beth Gardiner , 2 July 2020,

Volodymyr Tarasov, Ukrinform/Barcroft Medi/Getty Images. “Por Qué La COVID-19 Terminará Perjudicando El Medio Ambiente,” June 25, 2020.

Zambrano-Monserrate, Manuel A, Ruano, María Alejandra, and Sanchez-Alcalde, Luis. “Indirect Effects of COVID-19 on the Environment.” The Science of the Total Environment 728 (2020): 138813. Accessed in September 23, 2020.

“Agriculture’s Resilience has been Tested by COVID, Making Fighting Climate Change Even More Vital than Ever, Says Syngenta Group.” Business Wire. Jun 30 2020, ProQuest. Web. 16 Sep. 2020.

“COVID changes have environmental impact.” European Union News 10 Sept. 2020: NA. Business Insights: Essentials. Web. 23 Sept. 2020.

“COVID-19 Effects On The Environment”, Forbes, 20 Apr. 2020.

“COVID-19’s Impact on the Climate Crisis.” ThisNow, 22 Apr, 2020.

“COVID-19 in India: Are Biological and Environmental Factors Helping to Stem the Incidence and Severity?” (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2020, from

 “Flattening the other curve; Covid and the climate.” The Economist, May 23, 2020, 14(US). Gale OneFile: Educator’s Reference Complete (accessed September 24, 2020).

“6 Inexpected Connections Between Coronavirus & Environment.” Sustainability Climate Change, 8 May 2020.